Lead to be manufactured from Rotary Furnace can be obtained directly from scrapped batteries or as slag from Mini Blast Furnaces In case of former batteries are cut open or broken to segregate lead scrap, plastic and other materials from them; lead scrap in the form of lead powder/ plates etc. is charged in the furnace along with a proportionate charge of additives. In The case of latter, slag produced from Mini Blast Furnaces is charged into the Rotary Furnace, again with proportionate additives.
This process is a batch type process. After filling the required quantity of raw material (either manually or mechanically), the lid of the furnace at the front is closed. The burner attached to the moving door is then fired.
The Rotary Melting Furnace is very flexible and universal equipment used for recycling many non-ferrous metals. It is the major lead production technology used in India and many other countries for Secondary Lead Production. A lead production system based on this technology has certain distinct characteristics such as:
Ø Equipment scalable for installing higher capacities
Ø Recovers all lead in one production cycle
Ø Plates & powder from scrap battery as well as slag from Mini Blast Furnace can be used as raw material
Ø Requires addition of certain consumables
Ø Can be fired with various fuels
Ø Generates high Pollution both as Flue Gases & Fugitive Emissions
Apart from plates and paste of lead oxide from scrap batteries, slag from Mini Blast Furnace is charged in the Rotary Furnace.
In addition to these, certain compounds of sulphur are also present in the batteries. When this material is heated in the Presence of carbon, lead oxide is converted to lead. This conversion along with burning of fuel generates flue gases and fumes containing dust, dirt, oxides of lead, lead particles and such other impurities etc.Hence, to meet various goals of maintaining employees' health and factory environments as well as regulatory requirements, it becomes imperative to get high end Air Pollution Control Systems to be installed with the Rotary Furnaces.